What We Do - Case Studies
Examples of projects supported by ZAP
CHICKENS - FOOD SECURITY
Good quality, productive chickens, that is four hens and a cockerel, Black Australop breed, have been provided to a 100 families at a cost of £15 to needy households in neighbouring villages in Zomba district. Training in poultry management and vaccinations to other local poultry has also been undertaken.
Many people in and around Zomba suffer from chronic food insecurity. Small land holding sizes, depleted soils and erratic rainfall combine to ensure that many households do not harvest enough food for the whole year. Viable alternative income sources are scarce.
The concept is that once the small flock of chickens start breeding a pair of chicks will be passed on to another family, and that that family will pass on again, so that in this way the benefits are spread more widely. There will inevitably be breeding between the improved stock and existing chicken population, which has the potential to improve the overall productivity of the flock.
This project started in 2006 was possible because Emmanuel International, who have been based in the area for 20 years was able to deliver the project. More projects of this kind will be supported as funding is available.
WOODSTOVES - CHITETEZO MBAULA -PROVIDING FUEL EFFICIENCY
A cheap clay woodstove costing approximately £1 significantly improves fuel efficiency and so reduces the demand for wood. This replaces the ‘three stones’ traditional way of cooking that is widely used in Malawi as well as other African countries. This method usually reduces the quantity of wood need by 60%. Other benefits include faster cooking time, much less smoke produced and improved safety for families.
Many areas in and around Zomba suffer from environmental degradation in the form of deforestation. The high population density and the use of firewood as the primary fuel source for coking combine to put pressure on natural resources. This can be seen as reduced tree cover and even bare hillsides in some areas. Loss of trees increases the risk of soil erosion and degradation, so harming agricultural activity. Shortage of fuel-wood also puts additional stain on poor rural families if they have to but it, or if family members have to spend lots of time searching for wood. Use of charcoal encourages further illegal tree-felling, and makes less efficient use of the wood overall.
£3,687 was provided in 2006-7 for 1000 of these stoves, 50 demonstrations and training in the use of the stoves and training for a group by a potter, in a place that has suitable clay, in the making of the stoves so that they can begin production and supply of the stoves.
This project was delivered by Emmanuel International. As funding becomes available more people can be trained to produce the stoves.
Bee-keeping has proved to be a successful small-scale income generating activity for farmers in rural Malawi. With training and support, those willing to invest their time in bee keeping are able to make use of the natural resources around them. Even where the bee-keeping does not develop into a small business, it helps ensure that the families looking after the bees have access to nutritious food. It also has the extra benefit in that bee keepers place an increased value on natural resources such as trees and wild areas because that is where their bees forage.
Following the identification of suitable rural areas with appropriate vegetation (in consultation with the Zomba Agriculture Office and existing local experts) and discussions with potential target communities training of beneficiaries, formation of a bee-keeping club for mutual support and possible joint marketing of bee products, good quality bee-keeping equipment in the form of top-bar hives, bee protection suits and other items were supplied. Follow up support and technical advice was also provided.
£4,500 was provided by ZAP in 2006 to Immanuel International to undertake this proposed project in 10 areas.
HOUSE PROVISION FOR A DISABLED FAMILY
The needs of this family was identified in Zomba and a request for funding for wheelchairs and housing provision came to Coleraine. The Church sub group in Zomba organised the house building and the making of wheelchairs. The accompanying photos show the outcome of the joint effort.
HOUSES FOR NEEDY ELDERLY CARING FOR GRANDCHILDREN
Churches in Zomba identified their most needy grandparents and the church sub group organised and monitored the building of the houses in 2005-2007
FUNDING FOR BOREHOLE AND WINDMILL AT SONGANI ORPHAN CARE CENRE
The Songani Orphan Care Centre provides day care for orphans under school age and training for older orphans as well as supporting with maize families caring for orphans. They have been given land by the two village headmen to develop facilities.
A Training Centre has been built with funding raised David Boyle, the Caretaker who has raised considerable funding for ZAP. The borehole and windmill is now providing water for growing vegetables and maize to assist in the support of training of orphans.
CHILDRENS’ ORTHOPAEDIC OPERATIONS AT CURE INTERNATIONAL HOSPITAL IN BLANTYRE
For the past four years ZAP has contributed £2,000 a year towards orthopaedic operations carried out on patients from Zomba District. CURE attends the orthopaedic clinic in Zomba Central Hospital four times a year and identifies patients that will benefit from operations by CURE surgeons. The patients then travel the 40 miles to Blantyre where the operations take place in the CURE International Hospital (LINK).
Ndaona, who had been suffering from abnormal rickets, says he is the happiest person because he now can go back to school. He says, “My fellow pupils at school used to tease me and there was no point me going to school. They even said I was disabled because I stole from other people’s fields which painful to me.” Some thought seeking medical assistance was going to worsen the situation for him. Others thought it was the work of the witches .
There are others in the community who would benefit from operations. Children in the UK would have problems identified and treated at an early age. ZAP in Zomba encourages any children identified in Zomba area to seek a consultation at the hospital.
CLEAN DRINKING WATER
Many households are adversely affected by using unsafe water which causes water-bourne diseases that affect their general health and often their livelihood. The prevalence of diseases like diarrhoea and cholera is high during the rainy season as water from open streams, rivers and unprotected wells is prone to contamination.
The construction of protected wells with pumps is an important contribution to health in rural areas. The villagers make the bricks, dig the wells and do the building work. They have to buy cement, pumps and incidentals and pay for the installation of the pumps.
The typical cost for a well and pump, with training on pump upkeep and on the importance of clean water for good health is £400.00.
Funding of these wells is ongoing as money is available and as arrangements are agreed with communities in the Zomba District by ZAP in Zomba and Emmanuel International who undertake the management of the installation and the training needed.
ADULT EDUCATION AND LITERACY
One of the primary schools on the slopes of Zomba Plateau took the initiative and started adult literacy classes in the primary school with the support of funding from ZAP. The adults are taught in four groups at the various stages up to Standard 8. The parents and their children are benefitting from this opportunity for education which they missed in their own childhood. ZAP has supported this pilot adult education project to encourage adult education.
THE HOMECRAFT CENTRE
The Homecraft Centre had been started with local input of making bricks, and building of the walls. Assistance was given in 2004 to comple the building with the purchase of roofing materials, windows and the finishing of the building. The building is now used by the community, especially women and some are using sewing machines that have travelled from Coleraine in a container.
Likuni Phala is a nutritious mixture of beans, maize, groundnuts and milk which makes a good meal for children and adults. Orphan Caring groups, who care for children during the day are able to assist the relatives who have undertaken responsibility for the children with either feeding programmes or a supply of likuni phala for the family. Others who benefit are those attached to groups who are HIV+ or already suffering from Aids. The health sub group in Zomba have various contacts in the community who have been receiving support with supplies of likuni phala bought with money raised in Colerine. They purchase the likuni phala and distribute it to the It is hoped that with the better rains and growing seasons that more people will be able to be trained in the growing of the ingredients and preparation of their own likuni phala.
A building where the orphan children could meet and play was supplied for another group.
WOMEN’S BUSINESS ENTERPRISE
Women in Zomba have been given small loans since 2004 to help them get started on small enterprises. They are given support and business training in managing the business.
Last Updated by Joyce McMullan on Friday 13th February 2009 at 12:37.